History of Yerevan Metro
One of the symbols of Yerevan is “Yerevan Metro after Karen Demirchyan” which is already 35.
In 1966-1970, the urgent regulation of passenger transport was one of the vital problems of the capital. The problem was caused by the unprecedented growth of population in that period.
In accordance with the new general plan of Yerevan worked out in 1962-1964, the Underground was seen as the most effective public transport means and it conformed to the concept of the city development.
The permission for the construction of underground express train was received in 1971; later, in 1977, it was decided to be turned into the construction of the metro. Thus, designers started their work and builders joined them afterwards.
The solemn opening ceremony of the Yerevan Metro was held on March 7, 1981. 5 stations were put into operation:
“Barekamutyn” (“Friendship”) – architect Feniks Darbinyan,
“Marshal Baghramyan” – architects Spartak Knteghtsyan, Albert Zurabyan,
“Yeritasardakan” (“Youth”) – architect Stepan Kyurkchyan, the author of the wall sculpture – his wife, Ruzanna Kyurkchyan,
“Republic square” – architects Jim Torosyan, Mkrtich Minasyan,
“Sasutnsi David” – architect Baghdasar Arzumanyan.
Later, the following stations were opened:
In 1983, “Gortsaranayin” (“Factory”) – architect Henrik Ghukasyan,
In 1984, “Shengavit” – architects Romeo Julhakyan, Suren Burkhajyan,
In 1986, “Garegin Nzhdeh square” – architect Levon Gevorgyan,
In 1989, “Zoravar Andranik” (“Andranik the Commander” – architects Romeo Julhakyan, Suren Burkhajyan
and in 1997, “Charbakh” station was opened, architect- Valter Mnatsakanyan.
Currently, “The Yerevan Metro after Karen Demirchyan” has the railway with the length of more than 12 km, 10 stations, the rolling stock consists of 45 wagons, 33 of which are used.
The Underground provides transportation of more than 15 million passengers per year.
Besides being a transport means the Underground has a strategic meaning. On March 10, 2010 an agreement was signed between the Republic of Armenia and the European Bank of Reconstruction and Development. This agreement gave a start to the “Program of Yerevan Metro Restoration” and in 2010 the European Investment Bank and the EU Program of Neighbourhood Support joined the program. The investment of each of the three financial structures was 5 million euro: two in the form of loans and one in the form of a grant.
In which directions are the investments made?
- replacement and renovation of old and damaged bogies
- renovation of the damaged high voltage cable system in tunnel segment
- modernization of the drainage system operated in tunnels 24 hours
- restoration of the damaged linear facilities-60%
1st stage of Yerevan Metro Restoration Program
The reforms anticipated within the first stage of the program have been completed.
As a result, the problem of the expired, damaged bogies has been solved by 66% and new, modern bogies have been provided,
- the cables damaged because of many-year operation in damp conditions and used in tunnel segments have been replaced with modern and watertight cables, providing this way reliable work of high voltage communication lines between stations
-renovation of the 24-hour drainage system, all pump stations and power supply system – nearly 60%
It should be noted that the program is one of those scarce investment programs due to which it became possible to get significant financial savings, totally of about 20% of the volumes, and the whole amount was directed to the modernization of the rolling stocks and due to this savings it became possible to renovate 10 wagons. As a result, the quality of passengers’ service and working conditions of machinists have significantly improved.
2nd stage of Yerevan Metro Restoration program
2nd stage of the program solved a number of urgent problems
- 8 more wagons were renovated and modernized (completed),
- supply of fire equipment (completed),
- drafting, supply and assembling of training system for machinists (completed),
- drafting, supply and assembling of the equipment provided for washing the wagons (completed, currently the automated washing area is successfully used in accordance with determined schedule)
- Prolongation of the drainage tunnel and restoration of tunnels are the most important component of the second stage so as the drainage tunnel has been left uncompleted since 1998. The drainage tunnel is to be prolonged by 1km as well to provide water discharge in the area between “Zoravar Andranik” and “Republic square” stations as it is abundant with underground waters. (the process is in construction).
The aim of implementation of the mentioned component is to lower the level of underground waters and to direct them to the Hrazdan river through the constructed tunnel. This way the destroying impact of water on equipment operated in tunnels will decrease.
Due to the amounts saved during the realization of the second stage it became possible to modernize 6 more wagons so their number starting from the beginning of the program reached 24. This process will be continued till the last wagon will be modernized.
During the annual summit of the Reconstruction and Development Bank which was held on May 19, 2019 the program of Yerevan Metro restoration was considered one of the best projects in the region.
3rd stage of Yerevan Metro Restoration
Within the 3rd stage the problems remained after the 1st and 2nd stages have been solved:
-renovation of escalators-14 units
-main ventilation system of the tunnels – 12 powerful ventilators
-modernization of wagons - 21
- expansion of the facilities provided for depots – 7500 sq m, renovation of the roof
-improvement of the rest 40% of linear facilities
-improvement of metal constructions in stations and other underground facilities
-modernization of signal centralization, blocking and regulation systems with the installation of modern systems and equipment.
-purchasing of three new economic trains and detachable platform,
-renovation of high voltage cables feeding the Underground from city infrastructures
-replacement of more than 33% of old, expired bogies.
Currently, the settlement of the mentioned problems is grounded on the loan contract and financing process of the 3rd stage. It is necessary to solve these problems to boost passenger flows. Adding new stations to the functioning line will significantly increase passenger flows and the volumes of transportation by the Underground in the total volumes of public transport in the capital.